Allium oleraceum L.

Field garlic

source: Ivar Leidus (2013) publisher: Wikimedia Commons (license CCASA 3.0 Unported)
source: Ivar Leidus (2013) publisher: Wikimedia Commons (license CCASA 3.0 Unported)


GrinTax Allium oleraceum L.
The Plant list Allium oleraceum L.
English name Field garlic

Crop relationship
Onion same genus
Leek same genus
Garlic same genus

FLORON data (2014)
Indigeneity native
Trend since 1950 decreasing (25-50%)
Presence rare
Status Red List: near threatened
Legal protection unlisted

Conservation in the Netherlands

A) In protected areas per province

For subareas the link to the larger area is provided.

a = actually present, p = possible
(see: About CWRnl / Methodology)


  • Kadoelermeer (NM [p])
  • Reve-Abbert (SBB [a])
  • Voorsterbos (NM [p], SBB [p])
  • Vreugderijkerwaard (NM [a])
  • Zwarte Meer (NM [p])


  • Marren (SBB [p])


  • Bemmelse Gendtse en Klompenwaard (SBB [p])
  • Bronkhorst (SBB [p])
  • Gorssel (SBB [a])
  • IJsselwaarden Noordwest (SBB [p])
  • IJsselwaarden Zuidwest (SBB [p])
  • Lobberdensewaard en Tolkamerdijk (SBB [p])
  • Ooijpolder en Millingerwaard (SBB [a])
  • Oostereng (SBB [p])
  • Oude Rijnstrangen (SBB [p])
  • Sint Andries (SBB [a])
  • Vaalwaard (NM [p])
  • Waarden bij Heesselt (SBB [p])
  • Waarden bij Poederoijen (SBB [p])
  • Waarden bij Wamel (SBB [a])
  • Wageningse Uiterwaarden (SBB [p])


  • Bergerbos (SBB [p])
  • Berghofweide (NM [p])
  • Bergjes (SBB [p])
  • Boekenderbos (SBB [p])
  • Bunderbos (SBB [p])
  • De Doort (SBB [p])
  • Genhoes (NM [p])
  • Gerendal (SBB [p])
  • Geuldal (NM [p])
  • Heuloerbroek (SBB [p])
  • Kunderberg (SBB [a])
  • Maasoevers Limburg (SBB [p])
  • Maasvallei (NM [a])
  • Roerdal (SBB [p])
  • Savelsbos (SBB [a])
  • Schuitwater (SBB [p])
  • Sint-Jansberg (NM [p])
  • Sint-Pietersberg (NM [a])
  • Wahlwiller Graven (SBB [p])


  • De Biesbosch (SBB [a])
  • Langenboomse Bossen (NM [p])
  • Maasuiterwaarden (NM [p])
  • Makken (SBB [p])
  • Middelsteegse Weiden (SBB [p])
  • Mill en Langenboom (SBB [p])
  • Mookerheide (NM [p])
  • Nederhemert (SBB [p])
  • Oeffelter Meent (SBB [a])


  • Eikenrode (SBB [p])
  • Elswout (SBB [p])
  • Middenduin (SBB [p])
  • Nationaal Park Zuid-Kennemerland (NM [p])


  • Fortmond (SBB [p])
  • Hengforder Waarden (SBB [p])
  • Hoge Land van Vollenhove (NM [p])
  • Oeverlanden langs de Vecht (SBB [p])
  • Zalk-Wilsum (SBB [p])


  • Amerongse Bovenpolder (SBB [p])
  • Overlangbroek (SBB [p])


  • Biezelingse Ham (NM [p])
  • Bloemdijken van Zuid-Beveland (NM [p])
  • De Poel (NM [a])
  • Grevelingen (SBB [p])
  • Hontenisse-Hulst (SBB [p])
  • Schenge (NM [p])
  • Schouwen-Duiveland (SBB [p])
  • Tholen (SBB [p])
  • Zuid-Beveland (SBB [p])
  • Zuiddorpe (SBB [p])
  • Zwaakse Weel (NM [p])


  • Duinen van Goeree (NM [a])
  • Lekuiterwaarden Noord (SBB [a])
  • Lekuiterwaarden Zuid (SBB [a])
  • Wassenaar (SBB [p])
  • Westduinpark (SBB [a])

B) In genebank

  • CGN: no material

© NDFF, 2015
© NDFF, 2015

Legend distribution maps

upper map:

  • red: locations of presence
  • green: management type maps with areas that qualify for financial support (largely representing the Dutch network of protected areas). Protected water areas are not shown (IJsselmeer, Markermeer and all Frisian lakes, Randmeren & Vechtplassen).

- - - - - - - - - -

lower map:

Distribution area
Europe largest part of Europe
Asia -
Africa -
North-America naturalized
South-America -
Australia -
source:, 2015
source:, 2015

Expected distribution due to climate change

Expected distribution area in 2070 in the European region and in the Netherlands compared with current suitable areas under an optimistic and a pessimistic climate change scenario (see: About CWRnl / Methodology). Click on a map to enlarge.


Optimistic scenario

Distribution data GBIF, June 2016. doi:10.15468/dl.qyhaol
Distribution data GBIF, June 2016. doi:10.15468/dl.qyhaol

Pessimistic scenario


Additional information