Pyrus communis L.

European pear

source: A. Masclef (1891), publisher: Wikimedia Commons (pub.domain)
source: A. Masclef (1891), publisher: Wikimedia Commons (pub.domain)


GrinTax Pyrus communis L.
The Plant list Pyrus communis L.
English name European pear

Crop relationship
Pear primary genepool

FLORON data (2014)
Indigeneity naturalized before 1500
Trend since 1950 stable or increasing
Presence relatively rare
Status least concern
Legal protection unlisted

© NDFF, 2015
© NDFF, 2015

Legend distribution maps

upper map:

  • red: locations of presence from year 2000 onwards
  • blue: previous localities where the species has not been observed anymore after 1999.
  • source:

- - - - - - - - - -

lower map:

Europe not in N-Europe
Asia SW-Asia
Africa -
North-America S-North-America
South-America -
Australia SE-Australia
source:, 2015
source:, 2015

Expected distribution due to climate change

Expected distribution area in 2070 in the European region and in the Netherlands compared with current suitable areas under an optimistic and a pessimistic climate change scenario (see: About CWRnl / Methodology). Click on a map to enlarge.


Optimistic scenario

Distribution data GBIF, July 2017
Distribution data GBIF, July 2017

Pessimistic scenario


Additional information