Solanum dulcamara L.

Bittersweet nightshade

source: Roel Hoekstra, CGN 2014
source: Roel Hoekstra, CGN 2014


GrinTax Solanum dulcamara L.
The Plant list Solanum dulcamara L.
English name Bittersweet nightshade

Crop relationship
Eggplant same genus
Tomato same genus
Potato same genus

FLORON data (2014)
Indigeneity native
Trend since 1950 stable or increasing
Presence common
Status least concern
Legal protection unlisted

© NDFF, 2015
© NDFF, 2015

Legend distribution maps

upper map:

  • red: locations of presence from year 2000 onwards
  • blue: previous localities where the species has not been observed anymore after 1999.
  • source:

- - - - - - - - - -

lower map:

Europe temperate zones
Asia temperate zones
Africa N-Africa
North-America naturalized
South-America -
Australia -
source:, 2015
source:, 2015

Expected distribution due to climate change

Expected distribution area in 2070 in the European region and in the Netherlands compared with current suitable areas under an optimistic and a pessimistic climate change scenario (see: About CWRnl / Methodology). Click on a map to enlarge.


Optimistic scenario

Distribution data GBIF, December 2016. doi:10.15468/dl.mcxqnz
Distribution data GBIF, December 2016. doi:10.15468/dl.mcxqnz

Pessimistic scenario


Additional information