Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv.


source: Forest & Kim Starr (2003), publisher: Wikimedia Commons (license CCA 3.0 Unported)
source: Forest & Kim Starr (2003), publisher: Wikimedia Commons (license CCA 3.0 Unported)


GrinTax Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv.
The Plant list Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) P. Beauv.
English name Cockspur

Crop relationship
White millet tertiary genepool

FLORON data (2014)
Indigeneity naturalized before 1500
Trend since 1950 stable or increasing
Presence common
Status least concern
Legal protection unlisted

© NDFF, 2015
© NDFF, 2015

Legend distribution maps

upper map:

  • red: locations of presence from year 2000 onwards
  • blue: previous localities where the species has not been observed anymore after 1999.
  • source:

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lower map:

Distribution area
Europe temperate- and warm- zones
Asia idem
Africa not in large parts of tropical regions
North-America temperate- and warm- zones
South-America idem
Australia idem
source:, 2015
source:, 2015

Expected distribution due to climate change

Expected distribution area in 2070 in the European region and in the Netherlands compared with current suitable areas under an optimistic and a pessimistic climate change scenario (see: About CWRnl / Methodology). Click on a map to enlarge.


Optimistic scenario

Distribution data GBIF, July 2017
Distribution data GBIF, July 2017

Pessimistic scenario


Additional information